Open Position Chord

Movable Form Chord

Movable Chord Forms

Movable chord forms are chords containing no open strings. These chords are transposable to different keys by moving the chord form the same number of frets up and down the neck.

Each movable form is based on a common open position chord. These movable forms allow you to play chords not found in the open position.

Movable form chords allow you to play in any key and transpose chords, progressions and songs to any key. From basic movable form chords more advanced chords can be created.

The functional range of a movable form chord up the fingerboard of your ukulele depends on the ukulele's size (soprano, concert or tenor), the number of frets to the body (10, 12, 14, etc) and whether you have a cut-away for access to higher frets. Not all chords can be transposed a complete octave (12 frets).

Movable form chords can be used along with open position chords. As you learn more movable form chords you'll have a variety of alternate voicings for any given chord.

Movable form chords can be transposed up and down the fingerboard using the root of the chord and a transposition chart.

Chord Fingering

Chord fingering is dependent on several factors. The chord your on, the previous chord, the next chord, your hand and fingers. All chord fingerings shown are recommended fingerings and not mandatory. Most chords have alternate fingerings dependent on the context. The same chord might even be fingered one way in one part of a song or progression and an alternate fingering in another part.

Creating Chords from Known Chords

1_Bb(movable).png This lesson's chord can be created by taking lesson one's chord, open position A and its A,Bb movable form and lowering the note on string one two frets. This is only possible starting on the B7 as shown above

Transposing Movable Form Chords

roots(2_blkandGray).png These lessons use the root of a chord to transpose to different keys. Determine what string the root is on or would be on if not present in the chord's voicing.

Transposing Chart

This transposition chart can be used for any chord where the root, or letter name of the chord is on string 4.

Highslide JS

The root is on string 4, the G string.

Use the Root or implied root of the chord to transpose to different keys.

A larger sized transposition chart is available in my book Ukulele Chords. This is the book these chord lessons are based on.

Chord Tones - B D♯ F♯ A

The chord tones of a B7 chord are the 1st, 3rd, 5th and flatted 7th scale degrees of the B Major Scale ( B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A♯ B' ) or B D♯ F♯ A

  • 1 - the Root or letter name of B7 is B
  • 3 - the third of B7 is D
  • 5 - the fifth of B7 is F♯
  • ♭7 - the seventh of B7 is A

The chord tones come from the scale degrees of a major scale based on the root of the chord. Generically a seventh chord's chord tones are the 1, 3, 5, b7 scale degrees of a major scale and in the case of the above B7 chord the chord tones are: B, D♯, F♯, A. And specifically in the B7 voicing are the same as above: B, D♯, F♯, A

Misnamed 7th Chords

Seventh chords are often misnamed as dominant seventh chords.

Whether a chord is a Dominant chord refers the its harmonic function within the chord progression it's bing used. If the chord is functioning as a V, or five chord in the progression can it be called a dominant seventh chord. If not it's simply a seventh chord and doesn't or shouldn't have any function designations added to its name. We don't call other chords a Tonic Seventh, Sub-Dominant Seventh, or Medient Seventh.

For more information on dominant seventh chords see the UkuleleLesson: When Is A Dominant Seventh Chord Not A Dominant?

Core Chords

The seventh chord form is a core chord voicing for creating additional 4-part chords. From core chords other all other 4-part chords can be derived. There is a minimum core set of six 4-part chords to get started with. There are: 7, maj7, m7, m7b5, dim7, 7+5. A complete core set of eleven is needed to really explore 4-part chords. This set of eleven include the minimum set of six as well as: 6, m6, mL7, dimL7, +L7. To throughly explore these core set of chords and their possible extensions, upper partials and alterations see my book A Guide to Advanced Chords for Ukulele

Here are a couple of additional chords to get you started:

7sus4

Raise the third (3) of a seventh chord one fret.

9th Chords

Raise the root (1) of a chord two frets. This applies to a 7th, maj7, m7, 6, m6, etc.. Most all 4-part chords can be turned into ninths.

For a 5-part chord 9th chord, the root is displaced for the ninth for ninth.

Take lesson one's practice progression and make all the chords a seventh.

Blues Practice Progressions

The Blues are at the heart of all American music. From the Rock, Country and Folk to Jazz. Making the form a great way to get a handle on this weeks chord.

Blues in the key of C

Blues in the key of F

Blues in the key of Bb

toon_filming_movie

Video Coming Soon

Sometime soon I'll get around to shooting a few videos using these chords.

The A chord and it's movable form has a video of the practice progression.

Related Lessons for:

Lessons of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.



Basic Open Position Ukulele Chord Chart

Lesson: UL700a
Published: December 8, 2011Updated: July 19, 2013

Lesson Info

A core set of basic chords that ALL Ukulele players should know in five common keys: C, G, D, A and E. In all common “dominant” seventh chords in every key.

Of the 15 possible major and relative minor keys in music. There are five common keys to get started with. These will allow you to play quite a few popular songs.

This chart is great for new members of ukulele clubs and is organized into common keys of songs.

go to lesson...

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Core Chords - Building a Solid Foundation of Contemporary Chords

Lesson: UL42
Published: November 11, 2013Updated: November 11, 2013

Lesson Info

Core Chords are a concept that I typically apply to 4-part chords and your more contemporary modern chords. This where a solid foundation of a core set of chords really help in learning the massive amout of chords that are required for play contemporarymusic or jazz on ukulele or guitar. Not such a task on ukulele with on one four string set of strings to build your 4-part chords vs. the theorticially possible 15 sets available for guitar.

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Color Tones and Chords

Lesson: UL42-7e
Published: October 7, 2013Updated: January 20, 2014

Lesson Info

The most important notes in a chord are the notes that contribuite most to the actual sound or color of the chord. For a major or minor triad the third of the chord performs this function. For other chords it‘s any note that makes if different from the chords around it.

This lessons is a more for less type of lesson exploring what notes are actually important in chords.

go to lesson...

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Related Books

Chord books of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.

HARD COPY

BC1UKE

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A Guide to Ukulele Chords

Covering the basic ukulele chords that ALL ukulele players SHOULD know. Plus, an introduction to movable chord forms, rock chords, how to transpose chords, jazz chords and more.

ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-7-2 Published: January 2009 Pages 54

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BC1UKE-C

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Ukulele Chords

This mini (1/2 size) chord book is the perfect size for every ukulele gig bag or case and a great addition to you music book library.

Ukulele Chords covers basic open position and basic movable form chords. From these two chord categories a variety of songs and styles can be played.

Seventh chords, Major Sevenths, Minor Sevenths, Diminished, Augmented chords sus and add chords.

Tunings: C with low or high G - (GCEA or gCEA).

ISBN-13: 978-1-60321-000-3 Published: March 2007 Pages 44

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Apple iBook Available

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UKEREAD1

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Ukulele- Reading Music Series - Primer

Learn to read single note melodies in the first/open position. It is a lot easier than you might think with this step-by-step easy to use approach. Tunings: C with low or high G - (GCEA or gCEA).

ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-1-0 Published: July 2006 Pages 80

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UKEREAD1

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HARD COPY

AGCUKE1

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A Guide to Advanced Ukulele Chords - Volume I

Beyond learning basic Ukulele chords most players struggle with advanced chords. Commonly called “jazz” chords, these more sophisticated voicings find a wide use in all forms of music.

A Guide to Advanced Chords for Ukulele presents a highly organized and efficient approach to the mysterious subject of advanced chords. Chord dictionaries are not the answer. Even chord theory does not offer any insight into unraveling the complexity of Ukulele chord voicings.

ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-8-9 Published: March 2003 Pages 70

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HARD COPY

AGCUKE1STD

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Exploring Jazz Chords on Ukulele

Exploring jazz chords using a variety of common chord progressions based on songs from the standard jazz repertoire.

Core Chords are the basic set of chords needed to play a wide range of music, in a variety of styles. This set of chords includes basic open position chords, basic movable form chords and the core 4-part “jazz” chords.

This books focuses on the 4-part core “jazz” chords. These jazz” chords are advanced chords that find their way into a wide range of music. 

ISBN-13: 978-1-60321-007-2 Published: January 2007 Pages 52

PDF/eBook

AGCUKE1STD

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$7.95

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With quick download after payment.

HARD COPY

AGCPB1UKE

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A Guide to Blues Chord Progressions for Ukulele A to Z

The Blues are at the heart of all American music. It has influenced Country, Rock, Folk, Jazz, Bluegrass and just about every form of American music we listen to today.

26 blues progression in C and G tuning, progressing from basic to advanced jazz progression, with chord grids and substitutions explained.

ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-4-1 Published: March 2005 Pages 80

PDF/eBook

AGCPB1UKE

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$7.95

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With quick download after payment.

HARD COPY

AGCPUKE1

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$9.95

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The Advanced Guide to Chord Progressions for Ukulele - Volume I

Before individual chords become the background of songs, they must be put into orders called chord progressions. This The Advanced Guide to Chord Progressions for Ukulele organizes progressions according to string family, position, voice leading and chord magnetism. The Advanced Guide to Chord Progressions for Ukulele is an excellent preparation for the art of melody and chord on the ukulele and more advanced accompaniment.

Volume I features the principles of voice leading applied to chord progressions. These principles are explained using chords from volume I of The Advanced Guide to Ukulele Chords. Chapters with common major and minor full diatonic, partial diatonic and chromatic chord progressions are also included to further explore voice leading principles presented in the book.

.

ISBN-13: 978-0-9714044-9-6 Published: January 2004 Pages 0

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