Open Position Chord

Movable Form Chord

Movable Chord Forms

Movable chord forms are chords containing no open strings. These chords are transposable to different keys by moving the chord form the same number of frets up and down the neck.

Each movable form is based on a common open position chord. These movable forms allow you to play chords not found in the open position.

Movable form chords allow you to play in any key and transpose chords, progressions and songs to any key. From basic movable form chords more advanced chords can be created.

The functional range of a movable form chord up the fingerboard of your ukulele depends on the ukulele's size (soprano, concert or tenor), the number of frets to the body (10, 12, 14, etc) and whether you have a cut-away for access to higher frets. Not all chords can be transposed a complete octave (12 frets).

Movable form chords can be used along with open position chords. As you learn more movable form chords you'll have a variety of alternate voicings for any given chord.

Movable form chords can be transposed up and down the fingerboard using the root of the chord and a transposition chart.

Chord Fingering

Chord fingering is dependent on several factors. The chord your on, the previous chord, the next chord, your hand and fingers. All chord fingerings shown are recommended fingerings and not mandatory. Most chords have alternate fingerings dependent on the context. The same chord might even be fingered one way in one part of a song or progression and an alternate fingering in another part.

Creating Chords from Known Chords

1_Bb(movable).png This lesson's chord can be created by taking lesson one's chord, open position A and its A,Bb movable form and lowering the note on string one two frets. This is only possible starting on the B7 as shown above

Transposing Movable Form Chords

roots(2_blkandGray).png These lessons use the root of a chord to transpose to different keys. Determine what string the root is on or would be on if not present in the chord's voicing.

Transposing Chart

This transposition chart can be used for any chord where the root, or letter name of the chord is on string 4.

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The root is on string 4, the G string.

Use the Root or implied root of the chord to transpose to different keys.

A larger sized transposition chart is available in my book Ukulele Chords. This is the book these chord lessons are based on.

Chord Tones - B D♯ F♯ A

The chord tones of a B7 chord are the 1st, 3rd, 5th and flatted 7th scale degrees of the B Major Scale ( B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A♯ B' ) or B D♯ F♯ A

  • 1 - the Root or letter name of B7 is B
  • 3 - the third of B7 is D
  • 5 - the fifth of B7 is F♯
  • ♭7 - the seventh of B7 is A

The chord tones come from the scale degrees of a major scale based on the root of the chord. Generically a seventh chord's chord tones are the 1, 3, 5, b7 scale degrees of a major scale and in the case of the above B7 chord the chord tones are: B, D♯, F♯, A. And specifically in the B7 voicing are the same as above: B, D♯, F♯, A

Misnamed 7th Chords

Seventh chords are often misnamed as dominant seventh chords.

Whether a chord is a Dominant chord refers the its harmonic function within the chord progression it's bing used. If the chord is functioning as a V, or five chord in the progression can it be called a dominant seventh chord. If not it's simply a seventh chord and doesn't or shouldn't have any function designations added to its name. We don't call other chords a Tonic Seventh, Sub-Dominant Seventh, or Medient Seventh.

For more information on dominant seventh chords see the UkuleleLesson: When Is A Dominant Seventh Chord Not A Dominant?

Core Chords

The seventh chord form is a core chord voicing for creating additional 4-part chords. From core chords other all other 4-part chords can be derived. There is a minimum core set of six 4-part chords to get started with. There are: 7, maj7, m7, m7b5, dim7, 7+5. A complete core set of eleven is needed to really explore 4-part chords. This set of eleven include the minimum set of six as well as: 6, m6, mL7, dimL7, +L7. To throughly explore these core set of chords and their possible extensions, upper partials and alterations see my book A Guide to Advanced Chords for Ukulele

Here are a couple of additional chords to get you started:

7sus4

Raise the third (3) of a seventh chord one fret.

9th Chords

Raise the root (1) of a chord two frets. This applies to a 7th, maj7, m7, 6, m6, etc.. Most all 4-part chords can be turned into ninths.

For a 5-part chord 9th chord, the root is displaced for the ninth for ninth.

Take lesson one's practice progression and make all the chords a seventh.

Blues Practice Progressions

The Blues are at the heart of all American music. From the Rock, Country and Folk to Jazz. Making the form a great way to get a handle on this weeks chord.

Blues in the key of C

Blues in the key of F

Blues in the key of Bb

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Video Coming Soon

Sometime soon I'll get around to shooting a few videos using these chords.

The A chord and it's movable form has a video of the practice progression.

Related Lessons for:

Lessons of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.

Basic Open Position Ukulele Chord Chart

A core set of basic chords that ALL Ukulele players should know in five common keys: C, G, D, A and E. With the common “dominant” seventh chords in every key. The chart is organized in common keys and covers basic chords in those keys.

Of the 15 possible major and relative minor keys in music. There are five common keys to get started with: C, G, D, A, and E. These will allow you to play quite a few popular songs.

This chart is great for new members of ukulele clubs and is organized into common keys of the songs that are most popular.

Understandably this is one of the most popular lessons on the site. Chords are what you do the most on ukulele.

Master these open position chords and when you venture past he third fret you will see that it's not as foreign chord territory as you might have thought.

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Core Chords - Building a Solid Foundation of Contemporary Chords

Core Chords are a concept that I typically apply to 4-part chords and your more contemporary modern chords. This where a solid foundation of a core set of chords really help in learning the massive amout of chords that are required for play contemporarymusic or jazz on ukulele or guitar. Not such a task on ukulele with on one four string set of strings to build your 4-part chords vs. the theorticially possible 15 sets available for guitar.

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Color Tones and Chords

The most important notes or chord tones in a chord are the notes that contribute most to the actual sound or color of the chord. For a major or minor triad the third of the chord performs this function. For other chords any note that makes it different from other chord types with the same root are the color tones.

This lesson is a more for less type of lesson exploring what notes are actually important in chords. The best place to start with this concept is 4-part chords and the Big Six Core Chords.

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Related Books

Chord books of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.

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