Open Position Chord

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An open position C major chord can be played with any finger. All depends on the context of its use.

Movable Form Chord

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Note on Chord Photos - Photos of chords can not typically show efficient fingering technique. Comprises need to be made to show only the fingers playing or fretting notes. Fingers should remain over the fingerboard even when not playing notes - ready to go, which typically does not make for a good photo.

Two Roots?

In the open position and movable forms of this chord there are two possible locations for the root or letter of the chord.

String three and one both can be the root of the chord and used for transposition purposes. Here I've elected to use the root on string three for no reason other than this is the lowest root in the chord.

Movable Chord Forms

Movable chord forms are chords containing no open strings. These chords are transposable to different keys by moving the chord form the same number of frets up and down the neck.

Each movable form is based on a common open position chord. These movable forms allow you to play chords not found in the open position.

Movable form chords allow you to play in any key and transpose chords, progressions and songs to any key. From basic movable form chords more advanced chords can be created.

The functional range of a movable form chord up the fingerboard of your ukulele depends on the ukulele's size (soprano, concert or tenor), the number of frets to the body (10, 12, 14, etc) and whether you have a cut-away for access to higher frets. Not all chords can be transposed a complete octave (12 frets).

Movable form chords can be used along with open position chords. As you learn more movable form chords you'll have a variety of alternate voicings for any given chord.

Movable form chords can be transposed up and down the fingerboard using the root of the chord and a transposition chart.

Chord Fingering

Chord fingering is dependent on several factors. The chord your on, the previous chord, the next chord, your hand and fingers. All chord fingerings shown are recommended fingerings and not mandatory. Most chords have alternate fingerings dependent on the context. The same chord might even be fingered one way in one part of a song or progression and an alternate fingering in another part.

Transposing Movable Form Chords

roots(2_blkandGray).png These lessons use the root of a chord to transpose to different keys. Determine what string the root is on or would be on if not present in the chord's voicing.

Transposing Chart

This transposition chart can be used for any chord where the root, or letter name of the chord is on string 3.

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The root is on string 3, the C string.

Use the Root or implied root of the chord to transpose to different keys.

A larger sized transposition chart is available in my book Ukulele Chords. This is the book these chord lessons are based on.

Chord Tones - C E G

The chord tones of a C major chord are the 1st, 3rd and 5th scale degrees of the C Major Scale ( C D E F G A B C' ) or C E G

2_C-chordTones.png 2_C-chordTones-Names.png
  • 1 - the Root or letter name of C Major is C
  • 3 - the third of C Major is E
  • 5 - the fifth of C Major is G

7th (Dominant Seventh)

A seventh is can be created by lowering the Root of a major chord two frets.

A seventh can also be created from a major chord by lower the root two frets.

sus or suspended Chords

A sus chord implies the suspension of the third of a major, minor or seventh chord. The most common and historical use of this suspension involves raising the third of the chord to the fourth for a sus4, or 7sus4. In some contemporary music, the suspension can also be accomplished by lowering the third of a major or minor chord to a second for a sus2 chord.

add2/add9 Chords

Technically the add 2 and add 9 are different chords. Both the 2 and the 9 are the same letters but in different octaves. For all practical purposes, you can treat both the add2 and add9 chords as the same.

Depending on whether you are using a low "G" or high "G", C tuning the added ninth might be a second. Whether you call it an add9 or add2 depends on whether the added note is in the same octave as the root of the chord.

Power Five Chords

A Power 5 chord contains the root and fifth of a major scale. With an optional octave of the root added for a three note power 5 chord. A power 5 chord is technically not a chord in the traditional sense but a dyad or interval. It's more of an implied chord sometimes major and sometimes minor.

7th (Dominant Seventh)

A seventh is can be created by lowering the Root of a major chord two frets.

A seventh can also be created from a major chord by lower the root two frets.

Major Seventh Chords, maj7

A major 7 chord is created by raising the flat seven of a seventh chord one fret.

A major 7 can also be created from a major chord by lower the root one fret.

6 or maj 6

A major 6 or 6th chord is created by lowering the b7 of a seventh chord one fret.

A major 6 can also be created from a major chord by lower the root three frets.

9th Chords

Raise the root (1) of a chord two frets. This applies to a 7th, maj7, m7, 6, m6, etc.. Most all 4-part chords can be turned into ninths.

For a 5-part chord 9th chord, the root is displaced for the ninth for ninth.

If you ukulele does not allow access to the higher frets for a particular chord, then substitute another movable form chord or an open position chord.

PRACTICE NOTE: To gain the most from these chord lessons and the practice progressions, memorize the location of each chord and the name of the chord.

I've pulled this trick question on a few of my provate students after they have played a chord in a lesson. Typically this happens at the beginning of a lesson before we actually get into the lesson. I'll ask them to play a chord that I just saw them play. I'll say; "Play a D chord." Some will say they don't know chord so and so and yet it's a chord they just played it. Don't let a chord get lost in a particular song or progression. Know it name and it belongs to you.


Video Coming Soon

Sometime soon I'll get around to shooting a few videos using these chords.

The A chord and it's movable form has a video of the practice progression.

Related Lessons for:

Lessons of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.







Related Books

Chord books of interest and are related to the material covered in this lesson.

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